The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
Glossary/389

GLOSSARY
Ascomycetes

a

Fungi that produce spores in

an ascus.

acute Pointed, sharp.
adnate (of the gills) Bluntly attached to the
stem.

ascus A sac-like organ in which eight spores
develop and is characteristic of the perfect
stage of ascomycetous fungi.

autoclave

adnexed

A steam pressurized vessel used
to sterilize media.

agar A product derived from seaweed and
valued for its gelatinizing properties. Commonly used to sohdify media in any type of

b

(of the gills) Attached to the stem
in an ascending manner

sterile tissue culture.

Agaricales The order of mushrooms which
includes all mushrooms with true gills.

amyloid The characteristic bluish reaction
the flesh or the spores of a mushroom exhibits
in Melzer's iodine.

anastomosis

anastomoses)

The
crosswise fusion of hyphal systems to form a
network of mycelia.

angstrom

(p1.

10-10 microns, 1 ten thousandth

of a micron.
annular Resembling an annulus, appearing
as a ring-like zone.
annulus The tissue remnants of the partial
veil adhering to the stem and forming a membranous collar or ring.

apex

The top or highest point.

a term (misused) for the hilar appendix, the nipple-like projection by which a
spore is attached to the strerigmata ("arms") of
the basidium.
appendiculate Hanging with fragments of

bacillus (p1. bacilli) A general term for any
rod-shaped bacteria forming spores in free ox-

ygen environments. (The genus Bacillus is
more narrowly defined).

bacterium (p1. bacteria) The simplest
group of non-chlorophyll plant-like organisms.
Basidiomycetes All fungi which bear
spores externally upon a club-like cell known
as a basidium.

basidium, basidia A unique fertile

cell,

club-like in form, in which meiosis occurs and
by which sexual spores are produced.

basidiocarp The fruiting body of fungi that
reproduce through basidia.
binucleate Having two nuclei in one cell.
border break The early occurence of
mushrooms along the edge of a substrate conta in er.

apiculus

tissue.

appressed

Flattened.

C
campanulate Bell shaped.
carpophore The fruiting body of higher
fungi.

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