The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
Appendix VI: Analyses of Maferials/373

Material
Pasture grass and other forage on western
mt. ranges, spring, dried
Pasture grass and other forage on western
mt. ranges, autumn, dried

Total dry Protein
Fat
matter
Per ct. Per ci. Per ci.

Fiber
Per Ct.

Total Calcium PhosN-free
extract minerals
phorus
Per ct. Per ci. Per ct. Per Ct.

14.0 49.1

90.0 17.0

3.1

90.0

4.3 17.4 51.4

8.8

3.3 24.3 39.1
1.6 33.1 44.0
89.1
2.9 27.2 39.1
90.7
3.3 23.4 44.2
92.0 13.4 12.6 23.0 34.9

6.8 1.21
8.1

89.3
90.2

Peanut hay, mowed
Peanut hulls, with a few nuts
Peavine hay, from pea-cannery vines,
sun-cured
Prairie hay, western, good quality
Prairie hay, western, mature

91.4 10.6
92.3 6.7

5.1
1.2

86.3 11.9
90.7
57
91.7 3.8

2.4 23.0 42.2
2.3 30.4 44.9
2.4 31.9 47.1

Quack grass hay
Ramie meal
Red top hay
Reed canary grass hay
Rescue grass hay

89.0 6.9
92.2 19.2
91.0 7.2
91.1
7.7
90.2
9.8

1.9

Rhodes grass hay
Rice hulls
Rice straw
Rush hay, western (Juncus, spp.)
Russian thistle hay

89.0
92.0
92.5
90.0
87.5

5.7
3.0
3.9
9.4
8.9

Rye grass hay, Italian
Rye grass hay, perennial
Rye grass hay, native western
Rye hay
Rye straw

88.6
88.0
87.4
91.3
92.8

8.1

Salt bushes, dried
Salt grass hay, misc. var.
Sanfoin hay (Onobrychis viciaefolia)
Seaweed, dried (Fucus, spp.)
Seaweed, dried (Laminaria, spp.)

93.5 13.8
90.0 8.1

1.6 22.1 38.8
1.8 28.8 39.5

10.5
88.7
5.2
83.7 11.4

7.1
2.6 19.7 44.2
4.2
9.4 53.6 16.3
1. 1
8.6 45.8 16.8

Sedge hay, eastern (Carex, spp.)
Sedge hay, western (Carex, spp4
Seradella hay
Sorghum bagasse, dried
Sorghum fodder, sweet, dry

90.7
90.6
89.0
89.3
88.8

6.1
10.1

1.7

Sorghum fodder, sweet, high in water
Soybean hay, good, all analyses
Soybean hay, in bloom or before
Soybean hay, seed developing
Soybean hay, seed nearly ripe
Soybean hay, poor quality, weathered

6.1
12.1
10.1

9.2
7.8
6.7
3.5

84.1

23.8 42.2
60.3

19.7

34.5 38.8

3.8 20.1 35.9
2.3 29.3 45.3
2.3 29.2 44.3
3.2 24.6 44.5

2.4
3.2

3.1

1.4

6.2

2.4

65.7
88.0
88.0
88.0
88.0

4.5
14.4
16.7
14.6
15.2

2.4

89.0

9.2

1.2

33
33
2.4
6.6



1.41





1.70 —
1.07 0.82

6.8 1.48 0.16 1.90 —
7.4 0.36 0.18 0.91

6.5 0.28 0.09 0.61 0.49

6.9

13.2 4.32 0.22
6.9 0.33 0.23
7.6 0.33 0.16

8.1

31.7 41.8 8.5 0.35
0.8 40.7 28.4 19.1 0.08
1.4 33.5 39.2 14.5 0.19
5.4
1.8 29.2 44.2

1.6 26.9 37.4 12.7

7.5
1.9 27.8 43.3

3.1 24.2 43.4
8.1
6.4 —
2.1 33.5 37.6
5.0
2.1 36.5 41.0
1.2 38.7 45.9
3.5 0.26

16.4

slum
Per ct.

0.38 2.72

9.7 —

4.4 0.30 0.07

1.3

29.2 46.3
27.3 44.0
29.8 32.0
31.3 50.0
25.0 48.1
16.6 37.6
27.5 35.8
20.6 37.8
27.2 36.5
24.0 38.2
41.0 30.4

Per Ct.

Potas-

7.7 1.22 0.25 2.38 1.25
5.4 — 0.10 0.98 1.08
7.8 0.72 0.22 1.94 1.04
9.7 1.12 0.13 1.62 1.25
8.1 1.13 0.15 2.14 0.85

Pea hay, field
Pea straw, field
Pea-and-oat hay
Peanut hay, without nuts
Peanut hay, with nuts

14.9



Nitrogen

17.2
11.8

0.27 0.91 1.18
0.08 0.48 0.31
0.07 0.62 1.22

1.50 —

1.42 —

0.24 1.30 1.00
0.24 1.47 1.25

1.25 —
0.18 1.07 1.05
0.09 0.56 0.90

1.88 0.11












1.10 —
3.07 —
1.15 1.93
1.23 —
1.57



2.21

4.69

1.30
1.68






0.83
1.82


0.98 —
7.4 —
6.8 0.60 0.24 1.62
7.6 — 0.33 2.62 1.25

0.50 —
3.5 —
7.1 0.34 0.12 0.99 1.29

4.6
7.0
9.6
7.3
4.0

0.25 0.09 0.72
0.94 0.24 2.30
1.53 0.27 2.67
1.35 0.25 2.34
0.86 0.32 2.43

7.2 0.94



0.96
0.82
0.86
0.78
0.81

1.47

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