The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
Appendix VI: Analyses of Materials/371

Material

Total dry Protein
Fat
matter
Per ci. Per ci. Per ct.

Fiber

Per ci.

N-free
Total Calcium Phos.
extract minerals
phorus
Per ci. Per ci. Per Cf. Per ci.

1.6 30.8 4.65

Corn stover (ears removed), very dry
Corn stover, high in water
Corn tops, dried

90.6
59.0

Cotton boIls, dried
Cotton leaves, dried
Cotton stems, dried
Cottonseed hulls
Cottonseed hull bran

90.8
8.7
91.7 15.3
92.4 5.8
90.7 3.9
91.0 3.4

Cowpea hay, all analyses

2.6 23.3 34.6
3.2 21.8 36.7
2.5 29.2 41.8
1.2 44.5 33.6
2.4 28.7 42.9

11.3

Cowpea straw
Crabgrass hay

90.4 18.6
89.9 18.1
90.0 10.1
91.5
6.8
90.5 8.0

Durra fodder
Emmer hay
Fescue hay, meadow
Fescue hay, native western (Fesfuca, spp.)
Feterila fodder, very dry

89.9
90.0
89.2
90.0
88.0

6.4

2.8 24.1 51 .4

5.2

.97
7.0

2.0 32.8 36.4
1.9 30.3 43.2
2.0 31.0 42.8

Feterita stover
Flat pea hay
Flax straw
Fowl meadow grass hay

86.3 5.2
92.3 22.7
91.9
6.4
92.8 7.2
87.4 8.7

Furze, dried
Gama grass hay (Tripsacum daclyloides)
Grama grass hay (Boufeloua, spp.)
Grass hay, mixed, eastern stales, good quality
Grass hay, mixed, second cutting

94.5 11.6
88.2
6.7
89.8
5.8
89.0 7.0
89.0 12.3

Grass straw

Guar hay (Cyamposis psoraloides)
Hegari fodder
Hegari slover
Hops, spent, dried

85.0 4.5
90.7 16.5
86.0 6.2
87.0 5.6
93.8 23.0

Horse bean hay
Horse bean straw
Hyacinth bean hay (Dilichos lablab)
Johnson grass hay
June grass hay, western (Koeleria crisfafa)

91.5 13.4
87.9 8.6
90.2 14.8
90.1
6.5
88.3 8.1

Katir fodder, very dry
Kafir fodder, high in water
Kafir stover, very dry
Kafir stover, high in water
Koahaole forage, dried

90.0 8.7
71.7 6.5
90.0 5.5
72.7 3.8
88.7 12.7

Kochia scoparia hay
Kudzu hay
Lespedeza hay, annual, all analyses

90.0 11.4
89.0 15.9
89.2 12.7

Cowpea hay, in bloom to early pod
Cowpea hay, ripe

Flax plant by product

82.1

5.9
3.9
5.6

8.5
8.0

1.0 20.1 30.2

1.5 27.4 42.0
2.4 30.8 42.0

Nitrogen

Per ci.

Potas-

slum
Per ci.

5.8 0.29 0.05 0.94 0.67
3.8 0.19 0.04 0.62 0.44
5.6 —

0_go


6.9 0.61 0.09 1.39 3.18
6.8 10.3 43.5 15.8 4.58 0.18 2.45 1.36
0.9 44.0 37.5 4.2 —

0.93
0.9 46.1 37.2 2.6 0.14 0.07 0.62 0.87
0.9 37.2 46.7 2.8 —

0.54 —

18.7 51.5
1.7 29.2 41.9

2.1

3.2 27.7 32.0
2.1

44.4 33.1

3.2 42.5 32.9
2.3 29.7 39.5
2.0 38.5 35.5
1.8 30.4 43.1
1.6 28.9 45.6
2.5 30.9 43.1
3.3 24.8 41.7
2.0 35.0 37.8
1.3
1.7

1.37 0.29 2.98 1.51





2.90













1.62
1.09
1.28

1.02
9.1

1.55
6.8
0.20 1.12
5.7

1.36
7.7 0.30 0.21 1.28



10.1

6.4
5.4
8.5








1.43



7.0

1.86
6.2


1.07 —
7.9 0.34 0.18 0.93 —
5.5 0.48 0.21 1.12 1.20
6.9 0.79 0.31 1.97 1.15
5.7




52.5



8.3


0.83 —
6.7

0.30 3.63 2.02
5.9 —

1.02 —
7.0 0.48 0.07 1.15 0.73
7.2


1 .39

19.3 41.2 12.4
18.1




0.72
2.64 —
7.5 0.27 0.16 0.99
9.9 0.33 0.08 0.90
5.3 —

3.68



2.14





1.8 28.0 41.7
3.6 24.5 37.4
0.8 22.0 49.8 5.5 —

1.4 36.4 33.1 8.4 —

1.4 33.6 33.6 6.8 —

2.1 30.4 43.7
7.4 0.87 0.26
2.5 30.4 40.5 6.8 —

2.6 25.5 44.2 9.0 0.35 0.18
2.7 21.6 37.6 3.3 0.28 0.14
1.8 29.5 44.3 8.9 0.54 0.09
1.3 23.7 36.6 7.3 0.44 0.07
1.9 29.8 39.2 5.1 —

1.5 23.6 40.7 12.8 —

2.5 28.6 35.1 6.9 2.78 0.21
2.4 26.7 42.2 5.2 0.98 0.18

1.38





2.37
1.04 1.22
1.30 —
1.39 1.53
1.04 1.23

0.88
0.61




2.03
1.82



2.54
2.03 0.91

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