The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
326/Pests of Mushroom Culture
remain alive up to 1 8 months. M. speyeri has neither of these particular attributes although it also
performs paedogenesis. Larvae of both species can change to "imago" larvae, form only o ne instar, then molt to free pupae, emerging as adults five days later.

Life Cycle: Developmental Period in Days
Egg

Mother Larva

2

5-6

Daughter Larva

(2)

5-6

Comments: Cecid larvae pierce or tear growing hyphae, sucking out the contents. The main
loss suffered by commercial growers is contamination of the mushrooms by larvae. H. pygmaea
can also carry a bacterium which produces longitudinal brown stripes on the stem. the infected
mushrooms, tiny black droplets of fluid form on the gills, which then become spotted or turn
black.

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