The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
The Contaminants of Mushroom Culture/241
1 5b Motile (moving spontaneously). Spores relatively minute,
rarely exceeding 2 microns in diameter. Growth prevented
by bacterial antibiotics such as gentamycin sulfate

16

1 6a Cells rod-like in shape. Gram positive (retaining a violet dye
Bacillus
when fixed with crystal violet and an iodine solution)

"Wet Spot"
1 6b Cells variable in shape. Gram negative (not retaining a violet
dye when fixed with crystal violet and an iodine solution) ... Pseudomonas

"Bacterial Blotch"
1 7a Contaminant mold greenish with spore maturity

18

1 7b Contaminant mold blackish with spore maturity

20
24
25
28

1 7c Contaminant mold brownish with spore maturity
1 7d Contaminant mold yellowish with spore maturity
1 7e Contaminant mold whitish with spore maturity

1 8a Forming small burrs and usually olive green in color. (Spores
lemon shaped, enveloped in a sac-like structure (a peritheChaetomium olivaceum
cium)

"Olive Green Mold"

18b Notasabove

19

1 9a Molds typically blue-green in color. (Conidiophore diverging
at apex into multiple chains of lightly pigmented single celled
spores)

Penicillium spp.
"Blue Green Mold"

1 9b Molds typically true green to yellow green in color. (Condiophore swollen at apex and bulb-like (capitate), around which
multiple chains of lightly pigmented single celled spores extend)

Aspergillus spp.

"Green Mold"
1 9c Molds forest green in color. (Conidiophore easily disassembling in wet mounts and difficult to observe under the microscope. Spores single celled, lightly pigmented, and encased
in a mucous-like substance)

Trichoderma spp.

"Forest Green Mold"

1 9d Molds blackish green in color. (Conidiophores branching
into few forks at whose ends darkly pigmented spores form,
Cladosporium spp.
often two celled.)

"Blackish Green Mold"

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