The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
240/The Mushroom Cultivator
7b
8a

8

Contaminant not as above

Contaminant becoming pinkish to reddish to purplish colored in age

9

8b

Contaminant not as above

14

9a

Occurring on compost or the casing layer

10

9b

Occurring on nutrient agar media and on grain

11

1 Oa Mycelium fast growing, aerial, and never having a frosty tex-

ture. Pinkish with spore maturity. (Spores unicellular with
nerve-like ridges longitudinally arranged and ellipsoid)

.

.

.

.

Neurospora sp.

"Pink Mold"
1 Ob Mycelium slow growing, appressed, and developing a frosty
texture. Often becoming cherry red. (Spores cylindrical and
Geotrichum "Lipstick Mold"
lacking nerve-like ridges)
11 a

Mycelial network of contaminant not well developed, not
clearly visible to the unaided eye, often slime-like

11 b Mycelial network of contaminant well defined and easily discernible to the naked eye, not slime like

12

13

1 2a More frequently seen in agar culture. (Spores produced by
simple budding, ovoid, single celled)

The Yeasts
see Cl]./ptococcus

1 2b More frequently seen in grain culture. (Spores produced on a
Fusarium
short conidiophore, sickle shaped, and multicelled)

"Yellow Rain Mold"
1 3a Mycelium fast growing and aerial. (Spores with nerve-like
ridges and ellipsoid)

Neurospora

"Pink Mold"
1 3b Mycelium typically slow growing and appressed. (Spores two
Trichothecium sp.
celled, without ridges, and pear-shaped)

"Pink Mold"
1 4a Contaminant slime-like in form

15

1 4b Contaminant mycelium-like or mold-like in form

17

1 5a Non-motile (not moving spontaneously). Spores relatively
large, 4-20 microns in diameter. Not affected by bacterial antibiotics such as gentamycin sulfate

The Yeasts
(see Cryptococcus and

Rhodotorula under Torula)

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