The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
The Contaminants of Mushroom Culfure/239
3a

Droplets forming across the cap and stem but lacking sunken

lesions. Mushrooms eventually reduced to a whitish foamlike mass

3b

Causal organism not known
"Weepers"

Cap not as above but first having brownish spots that enlarge,

deepen, and in which a grayish brown slime forms. Mushrooms eventually disintegrate into a dark slimy, oozing mass

Pseudomonas tolassii
Bacterial Blotch
Bacterial Pit
4a

Contaminant eventually sporulating as a green mold on the
mushroom. Usually preceded by an outbreak of green mold
on the casing layer

Trichoderma virkie
Trichoderma koningii
"Trichoderma Blotch"

4b

Not as above

5

5a

Contaminant appears on the casing soil as a fast running
grayish cobweb-like mycelium, enveloping mushrooms in its

path. (Spores usually three or more celled and 20 x 5
microns in size. If two celled, not acorn-shaped)

Dacflyium dendroides

"Cobweb Mold"
5b

Contaminant attacking the mushroom but usually not appearing on the casing layer. (Spores single celled or if two
celled, resembling a roughened acorn and measuring much
less than above)

6a

6

Contaminant turning young mushrooms into a rotting amorphous ball-like mass from which an amber fluid oozes upon
cutting. Stem typically not splitting or peeling. (Spores one
and two celled, the latter being darkly pigmented and acorn-shaped)

Mycogone pernciosa

"Wet Bubble"
6b

Contaminant afflicting young mushrooms as described
above but those parasitized not exuding amber fluid when cut
open. Stem in more mature mushrooms often splitting and
Verticillium malthousei
peeling, causing the mushrooms to tilt. (Spores one celled).

"Dry Bubble"
7a

Contaminant in the form of another mushroom whose cap
deliquesces (melts) into a blackish liquid with age

Coprinus spp.

"Inky Cap"

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