The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
Cultivation Problems and Their Solutions/229

MUSHROOM FORMATION AND DE VELOPMENT
PROBLEM

CAUSE

SOLUTION

Monokaryotic strain with low
or no fruiting ability,

Start again with new tissue
isolate or isolate from multispore germination.

Pinhead Initiation
Mycelium fails to form primordia.

Humidity too low.

Keep humidity at 95% during
pinning.

Primordia form early.

CO2 too high.

Reduce CO2 by introducing
fresh air.

Temperature too high.

Decrease air temp. to the
fruiting range.

Insufficient light.

Illuminate cropping surface
for 1 2 hours/day.

Uneven casing depth.

Apply casing at an even
depth and patch areas where
mycelium appears prematurely.

Primordia formation uneven.

Early light stimulation.

Incubate culture in darkness
until ready to pin.

Temperature too low.

Incubate at optimum temp.
for mycelial growth and then
drop temp. for pinning.

CO2 levels too low.

Maintain airtight room and recirculate air until ready to pin.

Uneven casing depth.

Patch shallow areas as mycehum appears until growth is
even.

Uneven moisture in casing.

Water casing evenly and carefully.

Casing surface partially damaged from heavy watering,

Keep casing surface open and
porous through proper misting techniques.

Uneven environmental conditions within the growing

Review air system design.

room.

PDF compression, OCR, web-optimization with CVISION's PdfCompressor