The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
226/The Mushroom Cultivator

SPAWN RUNNING
PROBLEM

CAUSE

SOLUTION

Spawn grows slowly or not at

Inferior spawn.

Check spawn making procedures. Review strain storage
methods. Test strain purity by
inoculating agar plates.

Degenerative or inviable

Always test untried strains in

strain.

''miniculture'' trials prior to
inoculation into bulk

all.

substrates. Switch to a strain
of known viability.

post.

Prolong Phase II conditioning
until litmus paper test shows
no color change.

Improper Phase I or Phase II.

Review composting section.

Substrate moisture content
too high.

Compost should be 64-66%
water; straw should be
70-75% at spawning.

Fly or nematode infestation.

Check pasteurization time and
temperature.

Mycelium lacks oxygen.

Be sure the container has
provisions for air exchange.

Improper Phase I or Phase II.

Review composting section.
Check contamination
for identification and factors
predisposing to mold growth.

Residual ammonia in corn-

Residual ammonia in corn-

Molds present during spawn
run.

Inky Caps (Coprinus sp.) occur during spawn run.

post.

Prolong Phase II conditioning
until litmus paper test shows
no change.

Mites or nernatodes present.

Insufficient pasteurization.

Pasteurize 2 hrs. at 1 40 ° F.

Compost with dense overwef
areas.

Review composfing and filling
procedures.

Unclean substrate containers
or spawning tools.

Containers and tools should
be disinfected before use.

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