The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
Cultivation Problems and Their Solutions/225
PROBLEM

CAUSE

SOLUTION

Compost temperature erratic.

Irregular fresh air supply.

Fresh air supply should be
constant. Make volume
changes slowly and as needed
to stablize temp.

Room environment not monitored enough.

Check room every 4-6 hours.

Containers filled unevenly.

Fill all containers with equal
amounts of compost and to
the same depth.

Uneven supplement distribuHon in Phase I.

Be sure supplements are
evenly mixed and are not
concentrated in small pockets.

Faulty air system design.

Air system should insure even
temp. throughout the room.

Compost temp. too high after

Inadequate supply of fresh air.

Increase fresh air.

pasteurization.

Pasteurization too long.

Pasteurize for 2 hours at

Compost temperature uneven,

140°F.
Compost temp. drops too low

Prolonged fresh air supply.

after pasteurization.

Anticipate drop in compost
temp. and reduce fresh air
before reaching conditioning
temp.

Prolonged ammonification.

Pasteurize at a lower temp.
for more time.

Low temperatures preserve
more microorganisms that
prevent temp. from falling
rapidly.

Oversupplementation with
nitrogen.

Reduce nitrogen supplements.

Prolonged time at temp. over

Keep temp. under 1 30 ° after

1 30 °F.

pasteurization.

Use low temp. ranges during
conditioning.

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