The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
Growing Parameters for Various Mushroom Species/201

brown, fading to yeiuw-brown to straw colored from the center. The gills are attached in an adnate
to adnexed fashion, dull brown with whitish edges. The stem is 60-80 mm. long by 2-5 mm. thick,
fibrous and enlarged towards the base. Its surface is smooth or powdered (pruinose). The stem color
is whitish, silky and becomes blue where injured, with rhizomorphs protruding about the stem base.
The partial veil is cortinate (cobweb-like), leaving little or no trace on the stem. Its spore print is dark
purplish brown.
NATURAL HABITAT: Clustered in woody habitats; in soils high in the tissue of deciduous trees;
or in tall rank grass. This species grows throughout the Pacific Northwest in areas well mulched by
woody debris of deciduous and coniferous trees (typically not associated with bark). It has been
reported from England and is thought to be broadly distributed throughout the European continent.

GROWTH PARAMETERS
Mycelial Types: Rhizomorphic to closely linear; whitish in color.
Spawn Medium: Sawdust/bran or rye grain spawn.
Fruiting Substrate: A lignicolous species utilizing a number of wood types, most notably alder,
maple and fir. It is able to grow on a wide variety of cellulosic wastes including newspaper and cardboard.
Method of Preparation: Branches and other small diameter wood are chipped into 1 -3 inch
pieces, preferably in the spring when the sap content is highest. This material is spawned with

sawdust/bran (4:1) and made into prepared beds outdoors amongst ornamental shade plants
(especially rhododendrons) or tall grass. Another method is to use sawdust/bran or rye grain spawn
to inoculate soaked corrugated cardboard. When fully colonized, sheets of cardboard are laid at the
bottom of trays which are then covered with a 2-4 inch layer of freshly cut alder chips. (Wood chips
are far superior to sawdust as a fruiting substrate).

Spawn Run:
Substrate Temperature: 65-75 °F.
Duration: 30-60 days.

Relative Humidity: 90+%
C02: 10,000 ppm or higher.
Fresh Air Exchanges: 0 per hour.
Type of Casing: None required.

Primordia Formation
Relative Humidity: 95%.
Air Temperature: 50-60 °F.
C02: 5000 ppm or below.
Fresh Air Exchanges: 2 per hour.
Light requirements: Diffuse natural or grow-lights.

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