The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
Growing Parameters for Various Mushroom Species/ 199

Duration: 6-10 days.
C02: less than 5000 ppm.
Fresh Air Exchanges: 1 -3 per hour.
Light: Diffuse natural or exposure for 1 2-1 6 hours/day of grow-lux type fluorescent light high
in blue spectra at the 480 nanometer wavelength. (See Chapters IV and IX).

Cropping:
Relative Humidity: 85-92%.
Air Temperature: 74-78 °F.
C02: less than 5000 ppm.
Fresh Air Exchanges: 1 -3 per hour.
Flushing Pattern: Every 5-8 days.
Harvest Stage: When the cap becomes convex and soon after the partial veil ruptures.
Light: Indirect natural or same as above.
Yield Potential: Average yields are 2-4 lbs./sq.ft. over a 5 week crbpping period. Maximum yield
potential has not been established.

Moisture Content of Mushrooms: 92% water; 8% dry matter.
Nutritional Content: Not yet established.
Comments: One of the easiest mushrooms to grow, this species fruits on a wide variety of substrates within broad environmental parameters. As a primary and secondary decomposer, Psilocybe
cubensis fruits well on untreated pasteurized straw and on horse manure/straw composts transformed by microbial activity. Sterilized grain typically produces smaller mushrooms than bulk substrates. Given the numerous substrates that support fruitings, Psilocybe cubensis is well suited for
home cultivation.

Psilocybe cubensis cultivation was unheard of twenty years ago. Today, this species ranks
amongst one of the most commonly cultivated mushrooms in the U.S. and soon the world. This
sudden escalation in interest is largely due to the publication of several popular guides illustrating
techniques for its culture.
Psilocybe cubensis is a mushroom with psychoactive properties, containing up to 1 % psilocybin
and/or psilocin per dried gram. The function of these serotonin-like compounds in the life cycle of
the mushroom is not known.
Genetic Characteristics: Basidia tetrapolar (4-spored), forming haploid spores (1 N); heterothallic.
The mating of compatible monokaryons often results in fruiting strains. Clamp connections are
present. See Chapter XV.

For further information consult:
Oss, O.T. and O.N. Oeric, 1976. "Psilocybin: Magic Mushroom Grower's Guide" And/Or
Press, Berkeley.

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