The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
Growing Parameters for Various Mushroom Species! 189

SPECIES:

Pleurotus ostreatus (Jacq. ex Fr.) Kummer

Figure 158

Fully mature Pleurotus ostreatus mushrooms fruiting on straw.

STRAINS: Strains of Pleurotus ostreatus are available from commercial and private stocks. The
American Type Culture Collection, which sells cultures to educational organizations and research
facilities, has stock cultures of several wild and domesticated strains. Somycel's—3004 is the standard strain used by the European Pleurotus industry and is synonymous with ATCC's—38546.

COMMON NAME: The Oyster Mushroom.
LATIN AND GREEK ROOTS: Pleurotus comes from the greek "pleuro" which means formed
laterally or in a sideways position, referring to the lateral position of the stem relative to the cap. The
species epithet ostreatus refers to its oyster shell-like appearance and color.

GENERAL DESCRIPTION: Cap tongue shaped, maturing to a shell shaped form, 50-1 50 mm.
in diameter; whitish to gray to blue gray overall. (Color is a light determined factor in this species).
The flesh is thin and white. The margin is even and occasionally wavy. The gills are white, decurrent

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