The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
Growing Parameters for Various Mushroom Species/ 181

Fruifbodies can be moderately large when mature. A partial veil is absent. The spore deposit is pale
pinkish fan.
NATURAL HABITAT: Commonly occurring in the summer to late fall across much of the temperate regions of North America and Europe. This species is found in and around decomposing
piles of sawdust, in conifer duff, amongst leaves and in mature compost piles.

GROWTH PARAMETERS
Mycelial Types: Linear to cottony and usually with purplish to violet hues. (See Color Photo 3).
Spawn Medium: A 4:1 sawdust/bran mixture or rye grain spawn. See Chapter III.
Fruiting Substrates: Horse manure/straw compost mixed with 1 0% fresh straw at spawning; leaf
mulch/sawdust mixtures.

Spawn Run:
Relative Hum idily: 90+ %.
Substrate Temperature: Fastest growth at 70-75°F. Temperature maxima and minima: 40°F.
and 86°F. respectively.
Duration: 25-60 days for complete colonization.

C02: 5000-10,000 ppm.
Fresh Air Exchanges: 0 per hour.
Light: Incubation in total darkness.
Type of Casing: Standard peat based casing. An option is the addition of shredded leaf material
and activated charcoal to 10% of total mass. Balance to a pH of 7.0.

Pinhead Initiation:
Relative Humidi4i: 95%.
Air Temperature: 55-65 °F.
Duration: 7-1 4 days.
C02: less than 1 000 ppm
Fresh Air Exchanges: 2-4 per hour.
Light: Ambient natural light or optimally 1 0 lux in the 370-420 nanometer range. (Light requirements have not yet been established for this species, and until that time, light stimulation
should be presumed as a prerequisite for fruiting.)

Cropping:
Relative Humidity: 85-90%.
Air Temperature: 55-65 °F.
Duration: 24-52 weeks.
C02: less than 1000 ppm.
Fresh Air Exchanges: 2-4 per hour.

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