The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
172/The Mushroom Cultivator

SPECIES: Flammulina velutipes (Curt. ex Fr.) Sing.
= Collybia velutipes (Curt. ex Fr.) Kumm.

Figure 151

Flammulina velutipes fruiting in tray.

STRAINS: Many wild and domesticated strains of F ve/utipes are available from commercial and
private stocks. (See Appendix). The Japanese have remained at the forefront of Enoke cultivation
with two popular commercial strains, "Maruei" and "Ebios".

COMMON NAME: Enoke; Winter Mushroom; or Velvet Stem.
LATIN ROOT: F/ammu/ina comes from the latin word "flammeus" or flame colored for the yellowish orange to reddish orange color of the cap. The species epithet velutipes is the conjunction of

two latin words, the adjective "velutinus" meaning covered with fine hairs and the noun "pes" or
foot.

GENERAL DESCRIPTION: Caps typically small, reddish orange to reddish brown, at first hemispherical, soon plane. The cap margin is often irregularly shaped. The gills are yellowish tinged. In
wild collections, the stem is densely fibrillose, velvety, short and tough. In culture, however, the
stems are long and smooth. A partial veil is absent. Its spores are whitish in mass.

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