The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
Growing Parameters for Various Mushroom Species/ 167

Comments: Historically, this species and/or its close relatives were the first mushrooms to be cultivated in Europe during the late 1 700's. It remains the most widely cultivated mushroom in the
world today. A broad range of commercially available strains exist, many of which have been genetically selected for certain advantageous characteristics, especially yield, color and stature.
This species does not form pinheads on agar media unless activated charcoal or select bacteria
are present. A species sensitive to high levels of carbon dioxide, Agaricus brunnescens fruits only
within narrow environmental parameters. As a secondary decomposer, this species fruits best on
substrates that have been transformed by a succession of specific microorganisms.

The common button mushroom is the mainstay of the mushroom growing industry in this
country.

Genetic Characteristics: Basidia bipolar (2-spored), forming diploid spores; secondarily homothallic. The mating of compatible dikaryons typically results in strains both more vigorous and higher yielding. Clamp connections absent. See Chapter XV.

For further information consult:
P.J.C. Vedder 1978, "Modern Mushroom Growing", Educaboek, Culemborg, Netherlands.
(English edition available from Swiss American Spawn Company, Inc., Madisonville, Texas).
Fred Atkins, 1 973, "Mushroom Growing Today", MacMillan Publishing Co., New York.

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