The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
1 64/The Mushroom Cultivator

SPECIES:

Agaricus brunnescens Peck
= Agaricus bisporus (Lge.) Sing.

Figure 145

Agaricus brunnescens fruiting in trays of compost.

STRAINS: Type or Brown Variety (var. bisporus)
White Variety (var. albidus)
Cream Variety (var. avellaneous)

COMMON NAME: The Button Mushroom.
GREEK ROOT: Agaricus comes from the greek word "agarikon" which scholars believed originated with a Scythian people called Agari who were well versed in the use of medicinal plants and
employed a fungus called "agaricum", probably a polypore in the genus Fomes. The species epithet brunnescens comes from the latin "brunneus" or brown. Literally, the name means the fungus
that becomes brown, probably referring to the color change of the flesh upon bruising. Also called
Agaricus bisporus for the two spored basidia populating the gill faces.
GENERAL DESCRIPTION: A robust, thick fleshed Agaricus species, with thin gills that are pinkish when young, and darkening to sepia and then chocolate brown in age. The cap is characteristically brownish, whitish or cream colored. The cap surface is smooth to appressed squamulose and
dry. This species has a short, thick stem which is adorned with a persistent membranous annulus
from a well developed partial veil. Its spores are chocolate brown in mass.

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