The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
Non-Composted Subtrates/1 17
sawdust substrate into a cylindrical shape, 6-8 inches long and 4-5 inches in diameter. The fully colonized "logs" are stacked together on their sides with the ends exposed as the cropping surfaces.
An alternative is to slit the bag lengthwise in four places, exposing the substrate to air while retaining
the plastic as a humidity hood. If growing in jars, Flammulina and P/euro fus fruit from the exposed
surface at the mouth of the jars.

GROWING ON PASTEURIZED STRAW
commercial mushroom production one of the most frequently used substrate materials is
cereal straw. Not only does straw form the basis for mushroom composts, but it is also used uncomposted as the sole ingredient for the growth of various mushroom species. Although all types of
In

straw are more or less suitable, most growers use wheat because of its coarse fiber and its availabili-

ty. The straw should be clean, free from molds and unspoiled by any preliminary decomposition.
Preparation simply involves chopping or shredding the dry straw into 1 -3 inch pieces. This can be
done with a wood chipper, a garden compost shredder or a power mower. The shredding increases
moisture absorption by expanding the available surface area. Shredding also increases the density of
the substrate mass.

Figure 111 Equipment needed for pasteurization of straw: 55 gallon drum; gas burner; shredder; hardware cloth basket and straw.

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