The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
Compost Preparafion/99

Figure 96

Small Phase II room designed for trays or bulk fill.

room. Certain basic principles should be adhered to when filling. These are:

1. Fill the room as quickly as possible to minimize heat loss from the compost.
2. Compress a long strawy compost and fill loosely a short dense compost.
3. If the compost appears dry, water lightly and evenly during filling. If water streams out when a
handful is squeezed, don't fill. Add again as much gypsum, turn and wait a few days.
4. Fill all shelves and trays evenly and to the same depth. Avoid creating pockets of compact
compost. Keep all compost within the container. No compost should hang over the sides.
5. Once finished, the floor should be cleaned of all loose compost, then washed with water.

Depth of FiH
Up to a point there exists a direct relationship between the amount of compost filled per square
foot and yield. In a fixed shelf system, the amount of compost filled is usually the amount available
for cropping. This normally holds true for trays, although some systems empty the trays at spawning
and then refill 25% fewer trays than the number that was originally filled. This results in high dry
weight efficiencies without the complications of deep compost layers during Phase II. As a general
rule, a fill depth of 8 inches will provide sufficient nutrients as well as contribute to the ease of Phase
II. At depths over 8 inches temperature stratification will lead to varying conditions within the com-

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