The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
XIII

FOREWORD

E

ver since French growers pioneered the cultivation of the common Agaricus more than Iwo

hundred years ago, mushroom cultivation in the Western world has been a mysterious art. Professional cultivators, fearful of competition, have guarded their techniques as trade secrets, sharing
them only with closest associates, never with amateurs. The difficulty of domesticating mushrooms
adds to the mystery: they are just harder to grow than flowering plants. Some species refuse to grow
at all under artificial conditions; many more refuse to fruit; and even the familiar Agaricus of supermarkets demands a level of care and attention to detail much beyond the scope of ordinary gardening and agriculture.

the past ten years, interest in mushrooms has literally mushroomed in America. For the first
time in history the English-speaking world is flooded with good field guides to the higher fungi, and
significant numbers of people are learning to collect and eat choice wild species. In the United
States and Canada mushroom conferences and forays attract more and more participants. Cultivated forms of species other than the common Agaricus have begun to appear in specialty shops
and even supermarkets.
The reasons for this dramatic change in a traditionally mycophobic part of the world may never
be known. I have been fascinated with mushrooms as symbols of the unconscious mind and think
their growing popularity here is a hopeful sign of progress in the revolution of consciousness that
began in the 1 960s. A more specific reason may be the rediscovery of psychedelic mushrooms—
the Psilocybes and their allies—which have thoroughly invaded American society in recent years.

The possibility of collecting wild psychoactive mushrooms in many parts of North America has
motivated thousands of people to buy field guides and attend mushroom conferences. The possibility of growing Psilocybe cubensis at home, one of the easier species to cultivate, has made many

people eager to learn the art of mushroom production. As they pursue their hobby, fans of
Psilocybes often find their interest in mushrooms broadening to include other genera that boast
nonpsychoactive but delicious edible species. Other mycophiles, uninterested in altered states of
consciousness, have grown so fond of some edible species as to want better access to them than
foraying in the wild provides. The result has been a demand from a variety of amateurs for the trade
secrets of professional cultivators.

The book you are about to read is a milestone in the new awareness of mushrooms. THE
MUSHROOM CULTIVATOR by Paul Stamets and Jeff Chilton is easily the best source of information on growing mushrooms at home. Both authors are experts on the higher fungi, on their techni-

cal aspects as well as the practical methods of working with the most interesting species. Paul
Stamets is a recognized authority on the Psilocybes and their relatives; Jeff Chilton has been a professional consultant to large-scale, commercial producers of the common Agaricus and the onceexotic shiitake of Japan and China. Together they have organized a number of successful mushroom conferences in the Pacific Northwest and have championed the cause of growing at home.

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