Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
74

THE MUSHROOM LIFE CYCLE

transmitted into the air are carried to new ecological niches via these predators.
Many mushrooms have alternative, asexual
life cycles.Asexual spores are produced much in
the same manner as mold spores—on microscopic, tree-like structures called conidiophores.
Or, spores can form imbedded within the myce-

hal network. Oidia, chiamydospores, and
coremia are some examples of asexual reproduction. In culture, these forms appear as
"contaminants," confusing many cultivators.An

excellent example is the Abalone Mushroom,
Pleurotus cystidiosusand allies. (See Figure 57).
The advantage of asexual reproduction is that it
is not as biologically taxing as mushroom forma-

tion. Asexual reproduction disperses spores

under a broader range of conditions than the
rather stringent parameters required for mushroom formation. In essence, asexual expressions
represent short-cuts in the mushroom life cycle.

A cultivator's role is to assist the mycelium
as it progresses through the life cycle by favorably controlling a multitude of variables. The
cultivator seeks maximum mushroom production; the mycelium's goal is the release of the
maximum number of spores through the forma-

tion of mushrooms. Both join in a biological
partnership. But first, a strain from the wild
must be captured. To do so, the cultivator must
become skilled at sterile technique. And to be
successful at sterile technique requires a basic
understanding of the Vectors of Contamination.

PDF compression, OCR, web-optimization with CVISION's PdfCompressor