Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
THE MUSHROOM LIFE CYCLE

71

Figure 51. A fully mature basidium. Note germ pores at open ends of spores.

chromosomes. Immediately thereafter, meiosis
or reduction division occurs, resulting in four
haploid nuclei.The haploid nuclei are elastic in
fonn, squeezing up the sterigmata to be depos-

ited in their continually swelling tips. Once
residing in the newly forming spore cavity, the
spore casing enlarges. Each spore is attached to
the end of each sterigma by a nipple-like pro-

tuberance, called the sterigmal appendage.
With many species, the opposite end of the
spore is dimpled with a germ pore. (See Figure
51).
The four spores of the basidia emerge diametrically opposite one another. This

arrangement assures that the highly viscous
spores do not touch. Should a young spore
come into contact with another before their
outer shells harden, they fuse and development

is arrested. The spores become pigmented at
maturity and are released in sets of paired op-

Figure 52. Two spored basidium. Comparatively few
mushrooms have two spored basidia; most are four
spored.

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