Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
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THE MUSHROOM_LIFE CYCLE
persed population of spore-producing cells
called basidia emerge. The basidia arise from
a genetically rich, dense surface layer on the gill
called the hymenium. The gill trama is nestled

between the two hymenial layers and is composed of larger interwoven cells, which act as
channels for feeding the hymenial layers with
nutrients. (See Figure 53). When the mushrooms are young, few basidia have matured to
the stage of spore release. As the mushrooms
emerge, increasingly more and more basidia
mature. The basidia are club-shaped, typically
with four"arms" forming at their apices.These
arms, the sterigmata, project upwards, elongating. (See Figures 47 and 48). In time, each tip
swells to form small a globular cavity which
eventually becomes a spore. (Figure 49).
Initially, the young basidia contain two hap-

bid, sexually paired nuclei. They fuse, in a
1

e 49. At each tip of the sterigmata, a spore

cavity forms.

process known as karyo gamy, to form one dip-

bid nucleus containing a full complement of

Figure 50. Populations of basidia evenly emerge from the gill plane.

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