Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
PERMACULTURE WITH A MYCOLOGICAL TWIST

45

Figure 37. Mushrooms, in this case Reishi (Ganoderma lucidum), can be grown on logs buried into sawdust
or gravel.

patches behave much like King Stropharia and

Morels, travelling great distances from their
original site of inoculation in their search for
fruiting niches.
6. Morels: Morels grow in a variety of habi-

tats, from abandoned apple orchards and
diseased elms to gravelly roads and stream beds.
However, the habitat that can be reproduced easily is the bum-site. (See page 401 for techniques

on Morel cultivation.) Burn-sites, although increasingly restricted because of air pollution
ordinances, are common among country homesteads. If a burn-site is not possible, there are
alternatives. The complex habitat of a garden
compost pile also supports Morel growth.When
planting cottonwood trees, you can introduce
spawn around the root zones in hopes of creating a perennial Morel patch. Cultivators should
note that Morels are fickle and elusive by nature

compared to more predictable species like King
Stropharia, Oyster and Shiitake mushrooms.

7. Mycorrhizal Species: Mycorrhizal species can be introduced via several techniques.
The age-old, proven method of satellite planting is probably the simplest. By planting young
seedlings around the bases of trees naturally producing Chanterelles, King Boletes, Matsutake,
Truffles or other desirable species, you may establish satellite colonies by ieplanting the young trees
after several years of association. For those land-

owners who inherit a monoculture woodlot of
similarly aged trees, the permaculturally in-

clined steward could plant a succession of
young trees so that, overtime, a multi-canopied
forest could be re-established.

8. The Sacred Psilocybes: In the Pacific
Northwest of North America, the Psilocybes
figure as some of the most frequently found

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