Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
44

PERMACULTURE WITH A MYCOLOGICAL TWIST
plex Medicinal Mushroom Forest. Logs can be
inoculated and buried or stumps can be impreg-

nated. The greatest opportunities for stump
culture are regions of the world where hardwoods predominate. Presently, only a few
gourmet and medicinal mushrooms grow on coniferous woods. Nevertheless, Enokitake

(Flammulina velutipes), Reishi (Ganoderma
luciduni), Clustered Woodlovers (Hypholoma
capnoides), Chicken-of-the-Woods (Laetiporus

suiphureus), and Oyster (Pleurotus spp.) are
good candidates for both conifer and hardwood
stump decomposition.

5. Shaggy Manes: A cosmopolitan mushroom, Shaggy Manes (Coprinus comatus) grow
in rich manured soils, disturbed habitats, in and
around compost piles, and in grassy and grav-

elly areas. Shaggy Manes are extremely
adaptive and tend to wander. Shaggy Mane
Figure 35. LaDena Stamets sitting amongst 5 lb.

specimens of the King Stropharia, Stropharia
rugoso-annulata.

rivers, lakes, and bodies of saltwater.

3. ShiitakelNamekofLion's Manes: Outdoors, inoculated logs can be partially buried or
lined up in fence-like rows. Once the logs have

stopped producing, the softened wood can be
broken up, sterilized, and re-inoculated. In-

doors, these mushrooms can be grown on
sterilized substrates or on logs using the meth-

ods described in this book. Once the indoor
substrates cease production, they can be recycled and re-inoculated with another
mushroom, a process I callspecies sequencing.
(See Chapter 22. ) Later, the expired production

blocks can be buried in sawdust or soil to to
elicit bonus crops outdoors.
4. Maitakej'Rejshi/Clustered Wood-lovers:

Several species can be incorporated into the
management of a sustainable multi-stage, com-

Figure 36. 3 lb. specimen of King Stropharia lounging.

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