Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
544

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Acknowledgements

I first acknowledge the Mushrooms who have been my greatest teachers. They are the Body Intellect, the Neural Network of this book.
My family has been extremely patient and forgiving during this multi-year project. Cruz has never
waivered in her belief in me and the globallspiritual significance of this book. Azureus & Ladena have
tolerated my insistent need for their modeling talents and have helped on many mushroom projects.
My parents have taught me many things. My father heralded education and science and impressed
upon me that a laboratory is a natural asset to every home. My mother taught me patience, kindness,
and that precognition is a natural part of the human experience. My brother John first piqued my
interest for mushrooms upon his return from adventures in Columbia and Mexico. Additionally, his
knowledge on the scientific method of photography has greatly helped my own techniques. In some
mysterious way, their combined influences set the stage for my unfolding love of fungi.
Other people warrant acknowledgement in their assistance in the completion of this book. Andrew Weil played a critical role in helping build the creative milieu, the well spring of spiritual chi
from which this manuscript flowed. Gary Lincoff was extremely helpful in uncovering some of the
more obscure references and waged intellectual combat with admirable skill. Brother Bill Stamets
is thanked for his critical editorial remarks. Satit Thaithatgoon, my friend from Thailand, is appreciated for his insights about mushroom culture and life. I must thank Kit & Harley B amhart for their
advice on photographic technique. Michael Beug deserves acknowledgement for his unwavering
support through all these years. Erik Remmen kept me healthy and strong through the many years
of rigorous training in the ancient and noble martial art of Hwa Rang Do.
Joseph Ammirati, David Arora, Alan & Arleen Bessette, Janet Butz, Jonathan Caldwell, Jeff
Chilton, Ken Cochran, Don Coombs, Kim & Troy Donahue, Eliza Drummond, Robert Ellingham,
Gaston Guzman, Paxton Hoag, Rick Hoss, Eric Iseman, Mike Knoke, Gary Leatham, Mike Maid,
Orson & Hope Miller, Scott Moore, Tomiro Motohashi, Takeshi Nakagawa, Louise North, George
Osgood, Paul Paddock, Jeff Paddock, Heidi Paddock, Paul Przybylowicz, Scott Redhead, Warren
Rekow, Maggie Rogers, Lynn Sabol, Bulmaro Solano, Lillian Stamets, Harry Thiers, Tom O'Dell,
James Trappe, and Rytas Vilgalys all helped in their own special ways.
The late Jim Roberts, of Lambert Spawn, gained my respect and admiration for his devotion to
helping the gourmet mushroom industry. And, I will never forget the generosity shown to me by the
late Alexander Smith and Daniel Stuntz who were instrumental in encouraging me to continue in
the field of mycology—in spite of those who fervently opposed me.
Companies which unseffishly contributed photographic or other material to this work, and to whom
I am grateful, are: The Minnesota Forest Resource Center, The Growing Company, Morel Mountain, The Mori Mushroom Institute, Northwest Mycological Consultants, Organotech and Ostrom's
Mushroom Farms. The Evergreen State College generously supported my studies in scanning electron microscopy and in Psilocybe.
Finally, I wish to acknowledge all those bewildered and bemushroomed researchers who have paved
my path into the future. For your help on this odyssey through life, I will forever be in your debt.
Paul Stamets
July, 1993

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