Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
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GLOSSARY

buffer used in spawn making to keep grain
kernels separated. Calcium sulfate slightly

lamellulae: the short gills, originating from the
edge of the outer peripheral edge of cap but
not fully extending to the stem.

acidifies a substrate as sulphuric acids

lignicolous: growing on wood or a substrate

evolve.

composed of woody tissue.
lignin: the organic substance which, with cel-

gypsum: calcium sulfate: CaSO4 x 2 H20. A

H
heterothallic: having two or more morphologically similar pairs of strains within the same

species. The combination of compatible
spore types is essential for producing fertile
offspring.

homothallic: having one strain type that is
dikaryotic and self-fertile, typically of mush-

lulose, forms the structural basis of most
woody tissue.
lumen: the amount of the flow of light emitted
from a single international foot candle.

lux: a measurement of light received by a sur-

faceequalto liumenatadistanceofi meter
over a surface area of 1 square meter.

rooms which produce two spores on a
basidium.
hygrophanous: fading markedly in color upon
drying.
hymenium: the fertile outer layer of cells from
which basidia, cystidia and other cells are
produced.
hymenophore: the fertile portion of the mushroom bearing the hymenium.
hypha, hyphae (p1.): the individual fungal cell.
hyphal aggregates: visible clusters of hyphae,
resembling cottony tufts of mycelium, often
preceding but not necessarily leading to primordia formation.
hyphosphere: the microscopic environment in
direct proximity to the hyphae.

K
karyogamy: the fusion of two sexually opposite nuclei within a single cell.

L
lageniform: thin and sinuous
lamellae: the gills of a mushroom, located on
the underside of the cap.

macroscopic: visible to the naked eye.
membranous: being sheath-like in form.

meiosis: the process of reduction division by
which a single cell with a diploid nucleus
subdivides into four cells with one haploid
nucleus each.

mesophile: an organism thriving in moderate
temperature zone, usually between 40-90° E
(4-32° C.)
micron: 1,000,000th of a meter.

mitosis: the non-sexual process of nuclear division in a cell by which the chromosomes of

one nucleus are replicated and divided
equally into two daughter nuclei.

monokaryon: the haploid state of the mushroom mycelium, typically containing one
nucleus.
monomitic: fungal flesh consisting only of thin

walled, branched and narrow (generative)
hyphae.

mycelium: a fungal network of thread-like
cells.

mycology: the study of fungi.

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