Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
GLOSSARY
droplets of spore bundles on relatively long
stalks. Once the droplets dry, the spores become airborne. See Pages 73, 112.
cystidia: microscopic, sterile cells arising from
the gill, cap or stem.

D
deciduous: used to describe trees that seasonally shed their leaves.
decurrent: the attachment of the gill plates to
the stem of a mushroom where the gills partially run down the stem.
deliquescing: the process of auto-digestion by
which the gills and cap of a mushroom melt
into a liquid.Typical of some members in the
genus Coprinus.

dikaryotic: the state wherein two individual
genetically different nuclei are present in
each fungal cell.
dimitic hyphae:fungal flesh typified by two kinds
of hyphae, usually generative and skeletal.

dimorphic: having two forms
diploid: a genetic condition wherein each cell
has a full complement of chromosomes nec-

essary for sexual reproduction, denoted as
2N.

disc: the central portion of the mushroom cap.

E
eccentric: off-centered.
ellipsoid: oblong shaped.
endospores: spores formed internally.
entheogen: any naturally occurring substance
which, when ingested, produces a profound
religious state of mind, often described as
God-like.
evanescent: fragile and soon disappearing.

521

F
farinaceous: grain-like, usually in reference to
the scent of mycelium or mushrooms.

fermentation: the state of actively growing
microorganisms, usually in a liquid environment.

fibrillose: having fibrils, or small "hairs"
filamentous: composed of hyphae or threadlike cells.
flexuose, flexuous: bent alternatively in opposite directions.
flush: a crop of mushrooms, collectively form-

ing within a defined time period, often
repeating in a rhythmic fashion.

foot candle: a measurement of the intensity of
light, equivalent to 10.7639 lux. Afoot candle
is the amount of light from 1 lumen at a distance of 1 foot over a surface area of 1 square
foot.

fruitbody: the mushroom structure.
fruiting: the event of mushroom formation and
development.

G
generative hyphae: the thin walled, branched,
and narrow cells that give rise to the spore
producing layers and surface tissues. Species

typified by clamp connections will have
clamps at the septa of the generative hyphae.

genotype: the total genetic heritage of constitution of an organism, from which individual
phenotypes are expressed.

Gram (Gram's Stain): A method for separating bacteria whereby bacteria are stained first

with crystal violet (a red dye) and then
washed with an iodine solution. Gram positive bacteria retain the dye. Gram negative
bacteria lose the dye.

PDF compression, OCR, web-optimization with CVISION's PdfCompressor