Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
510

ANALYSIS

OF

Material
Sunflower-seed oil cake, from hulled seed,
hydr. process
Sweet clover seed
Sweet potatoes, dried
Tankage or meat meal, digester process,
60% protein grade
Tankage with bone, or meat and bone meal,
digester process, 50% protein grade
Tankage with bone, or meat and bone meal,
digester process, 40% protein grade
Tomato pomace, dried
Velvet bean seeds and pods (velvet bean feed)
Velvet beans, seeds only
Vetch seed
Whale meal
Wheat, average of all types
Wheat, hard spring, chiefly northern plains
states

Wheat, hard winter, chiefly southern plains
states

MATERIALS

BASIC
Total dry Proteor
matter
Per ct. Per ct.

Fiber

Fat

N-free

Per Ct.

Per ct.

Per ct.

90.6 36.3 13.5 14.2
92.2 37.4 4.2 11.3 35.8
3.3 77.1
4.9 0.9
90.3

Calcium

Phos-

Per ct.

phorus
Per ct

Per ct.

Nitroyen
Per cc.

Potas-

slum
Per ct

6.4 0.43 1.04 5.81 1.08
3.5



4.1

0.21



5.98

0.18 0.78




60.6

2.0

1.8 20.2 6.37 3.23 9.70 0.46

93.5 51.3

2.3

2.3 26.1 10.97 5.14 8.21



94.7 42.9 14.1 2.2 4.1 31.4 13.49 5.18 6.86

3.66
94.6 22.9 15.0 30.2 23.4 3.1 —




93.1

4.2 0.24 0.38 2.90 1.20

90.0 18.1

4.4

50.3

90.0 23.4
90.7 29.6
91.8 78.5

57

6.4 51.5
5.7 51.5

6.7

0

89.5 13.2

1.9

2.6 69.9

15.8

2.2

2.5 67.8

1.8





2.53



2.8 69.2

2.1

1.8
1.9








2.16

73.2






1.58



90.1

89.4 13.5
89.2

10.2
9.9
16.9
17.9

1.9

Wheat bran, soft wheat
Wheat bran, winter wheat
Wheat bran and screenings, all analyses
Wheat brown shorts
Wheat brown shorts and screenings

90.5 16.1
89.9 15.5

8.7 55.7
8.9 55.1
9.6 53.0

88.7
88.7

16.9
17.0

4.3
4.2
4.5
4.2
4.1

Wheatflour, graham
Wheat flour, low grade
Wheat flour, white
Wheat flour middlings
Wheat flour middlings and screenings

88.1

12.5

7.0 56.0
1.8 70.4
0.5 69.7

89.1
90.1
91.1

90.0 16.8

88.4 15.4
88.0 10.8
89.2

18.3

89.6 18.2
90.8 31.1
89.1

30.4

88.9 17.9
88.6 17.6
89.7 17.2

2.0 2.7 72.6
9.6 52.9
4.6
4.9 10.1 52.2

1.9
1.9

0.9
4.2
4.5
9.7
4.9
4.2
4.0
4.5

Wheat mixed feed, hard wheat
Wheat mixed feed and screenings
Wheat red dog
Wheat red dog, low grade
Wheat screenings, good grade

89.8 18.7
89.3 17.5

90.4 13.9

4.8
4.3
3.6
4.8
4.7

Wheat standard middlings, all analyses

89.6

4.8

89.0 18.2
89.2 17.9
18.1

2.1

7.1

3.0
3.1

56.0

0.3
3.8







3.74
4.74




0.56 0.57 12.56 —
0.04 0.39 2.11 0.42

3.1

Wheat, soft winter, Miss. valley and eastward
Wheat, soft, Pacific Coast states
Wheat bran, all analyses
Wheat bran, chiefly hard spring wheat

Wheat germ meal, commercial
Wheat germ oil meal
Wheat gray shorts
Wheat gray shorts and screenings
Wheat mixed feed, all analyses

Total

extract minerals

6.1
6.1

0.14 1.29 2.70 1.23
0.13 1.35 2.86 —

2.58
2.48
6.1 0.14 1.21 2.69

2.70
4.5

2.72
4.6 —

5.7
6.2











1.5 0.04 0.36 2.00 0.46
0.9





2.46



0.4 0.02 0.09 1.73 0.05
3.1

0.09 0.71 2.93 0.89

5.2 57.8
2.6 42.2
2.6 46.4

0.14 0.68 2.91 —
5.2 0.08 1.11 4.98 0.29

5.8 57.0
7.2 56.1
7.7 53.6

4.2

7.1

55.7

2.6
4.9

9.0 58.2
6.5 55.8



4.8

4.86

4.2 0.13 0.84 2.86







2.82

4.7 0.11 1.09 2.76
5.0 0.11 1.09 2.99
0.11 0.96 2.80






2.7 0.07 0.51

2.91

0.60

3.7

2.86





4.6 0.44 0.39 2.22 —
4.4 0.09 0.93 2.90 1.04

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