Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000


1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide


I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables






Figure 28. Gymnopilus spectabilis, the Big Laughing Mushroom, fruiting from log inoculated with
sawdust spawn via the wedge technique.

Figure 29. The Oyster mushroom (Pleurotus
ostreatus) fruiting on alder logs that were inoculating via the wedge technique.

over the rapidly decomposing hardwoods with
their paper-thin bark layers. The rapidly decomposing hardwoods like alder and birch are easily
damaged by weather fluctuations, especially humidity. Should the bark layer fall fmm the log, the

mycelium has difficulty supporting good mushroom flushes.

Logs are generally cut from trees in the
spring, prior to leafing, when the sapwood still

retains ample sugars. The logs, once felled,
should be kept off the ground. Ideally inoculations should occur within 2 months of felling.

(In temperate
March are ideal.)

America, February and

Numerous methods can be used for inoculat-

ing the spawn into the log. Logs are usually
pegged, i. e. drilled with holes and inoculated
with plug or sawdust spawn. Most logs receive

30-50 plugs, which are inserted into evenly
spaced holes (4-6 inches apart) arranged longi-

Figure 30. Oyster mushroom fruiting from alder
logs inoculated via the spawn disc technique.

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