Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
APPENDIX

V

Analysis of Basic
Materials Used in

Substrate Preparation
DRY ROUGHAGES OF FIBROUS MATERIALS
Material

Total dry Protein
matter
Per ct. Per ct.

14.8
17.2
15.8

Fat

Fiber

Per Ct.

Per ct

2.0
2.6
2.2
1.4
2.7

Niree Total Calciom Phonphorus
extract minerals
Per Ct. Per ct. Per ct. Per Ct.

28.9 36.6
22.6 39.4
27.4 36.6
36.0 33.4
22.6 36.7
31.9 36.2
24.5 35.1

Nitroyen

Potas-

Per Ct.

Per Ct.

8.2 1.47 0.24 2.37
8.7 1.73 0.25 2.75
8.5 1.50 0.24 2.53
7.6 1.10 0.18 1.94
9.5 2.22 0.33 3.04

2.05

sium

Alfalfa hay, all analyses
Alfalfa hay, very leafy (less than 25% fiber)
Alfalfa hay, leafy (25.28% fiber)
Alfalfa hay, stemmy (over 34% fiber)
Alfalfa hay, before bloom

90.5
90.5
90.5
90.5
90.5

Alfalfa hay, past bloom
Alfalfa hay, brown
Alfalfa hay, black
Alfalfa leaf meal
Alfalfa leaves

90.5 12.8
87.9 17.3
83.1 17.5
92.3 21.2
90.5 22.3

2.1
1.6
1.5

Alfalfa meal
Alfalfa stem meal
Alfalfa straw
Alfalfa and bromegrass hay
Alfalfa and timothy hay

92.7
91.0
92.6
89.3
89.8

16.1

2.2 27.1 38.2

11.5
8.8
12.4

1.3
1.5

Alfilaria, dry (Erodium cicufarium)
Alfilaria, dry, mature
Atlas sorghum stover

89.2 10.9
89.0 3.5
85.0 4.0
90.8 7.3
90.0 3.7

2.9

Bean hay, mung
Bean hay, tepary
Bean pods, field, dry
Bean straw, field
Beggarweed hay

90.3 9.8
90.0 17.1
7.1
91.8

2.2
2.9

89.1

1.4 40.1 34.1
2.3 28.4 37.2

7.4 1.67 0.13 0.98 1.02
7.8 1.05 0.27 2.43 2.32

Bent grass hay, Colonial
Bermuda grass hay
Bermuda grass hay, poor
Berseem hay, or Egyptian clover
Birdsfoot trefoil hay

88.5
6.6
90.6 7.2
90.0 5.8
91.7 13.4
90.5 13.8

3.0 29.5 42.8

6.6

Black grass hay (Juncus Gerardi)
Bluegrass hay, Canada

.89.7
89.3

Barley hay
Barley straw

12.1

19.0

11.1

6.1

90.9 15.2

7.5
6.6

29.1 25.3
2.8 16.6 39.7
3.0 14.2 40.5

2.0
2.2
1.5

2.0
2.0
1.6

1.0

2.01
2.01
1.68

2.14


2.05 —

9.4 1.37 0.26 2.77 —

2.80 —
9.7 —
12.0 1.69 0.25 3.39 —
10.5 2.22 0.24 3.57 2.06

7.5

9.1

1.32 0.19 2.58

1.91


1.84 —
36.3 34.8 7.1

6.8
0.13 1.41
40.4 35.1
8.2 0.74 0.24 1.98 2.18
28.6 38.1
29.5 40.3 6.7 0.81 0.21 1.78 1.78
23.4 40.2 11.8 1.57 0.41 1.74 —

0.56 —
31.4 44.1
8.5 —
27.9 44.2 6.9 0.34 0.09 0.64 —
25.4 49.3 6.8 0.26 0.23 1.17 1.35
37.7 41.0 6.0 0.32 0.11 0.59 1.33

1.57

24.0 46.6 7.7 —

2.74 —
24.8 34.7 10.5 —
34.8 45.0 3.9 0.78 0.10 1.14 2.02



0.18 1.06 1.42

25.9 48.7 7.0 0.37 0.19 1.15 1.42

0.93 —

0.9 38.8 37.7 6.8
2.7 21.0 42.7 11.9 3.27 0.28 2.14 2.05
5.9 1.13 0.22 2.35 1.52
2.1 27.5 41.2
2.5 25.1 47.3 7.3 — 0.09 1.20 1.56
2.3 28.2 46.4 5.8 — 0.20 1.06 1.94
1.8

PDF compression, OCR, web-optimization with CVISION's PdfCompressor