Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
r
TROUBLESHOOTING

PROBLEM

CAUSE

SOLUTION

Mycelium "panned"

Disturb substrate: break apart
& re-pack, allow to recover,
and re-initiate.
Improve management.

Poor growing
room management
Bad Strain

Flies endemic to growing

453

Acquire new strain.

Inadequate pasteurization

Extend pasteurization period.

Open doors, vents, etc.

Improve seals at doors &
windows.

Poor growing room
maintenance

Wash down growing room 2-3
times per day. Place 1 cup
bleach in drain to kill flies,
once per day.

Slow cycling of crops
Inadequate clean-up
of growing rooms
between "runs"

Increase crop rotation.

room

Remove debris, wash ceilings,
walls, & floors using bleach
solution.

"Bleach bomb" for 24 hours.
Bug traps. See Figure 384.
Frogs. See Figure 385.

POST-HARVEST
Mushrooms quick to spoil

Mushrooms too mature
when harvested

Harvest when younger.

Mushrooms too warm
before packaging

Chill mushrooms before
placing in marketing
containers.

Mushrooms too wet
when harvested
Mushrooms improperly
packaged

Reduce humidity several
hours before harvesting.

Mushrooms stored beyond
shelf life

Sell mushrooms sooner.

Mushrooms need to breathe.
Cellophane or anti-condensate
gas permeable wrapping films
recommended.

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