Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
452

TROUBLESHOOTING

PROBLEM

CAUSE

SOLUTION

Mushrooms form, but
stems are long; caps
underdeveloped

Inadequate light

Increase or adjust light to
correct wavelength.

Excessive CO2

Increase air exchanges.

Poor strain

Obtain better strain.

"Over-pinning"

Shorten primordia formation

Massive numbers of
mushrooms form;
few develop

periods

Mushrooms deformed

Lack of oxygen,
inadequate light

Adjust according to the
species' growth parameters
See Chapter 21.

Inadequate substrate
nutrition
Dilute spawning rate

Reformulate.

Competitor organisms

Re-balance growing room.
environment to favor
mushrooms & disfavor
competitors.
Increase air circulation.
Reduce humidity to prescribed
levels. Surface water must
evaporate from mushrooms
several times per day.
Acquire better strain.

(Myco gone, Verticillium,

bacteria, etc.)
Inadequate air circulation
Excessive humidity or
watering

Bad strain
Chemical contamination
Mushrooms produced

Increase spawning rate.

Remove toxins.

Inadequate substrate nutrition

Reformulate.

Competitors

Consult Chapter 10: The Six
Vectors of Contamination.

Window of opportunity
missed

Re-initiate.

onfirstflush, fail
to produce subsequent
flushes

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