Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
TROUBLESHOOTING

449

PROBLEM

CAUSE

SOLUTION

STRAW CULTURE
Mushrooms fail
to fonn

Improper Initiation
Strategy

Consult Chapter 21.
Alter moisture, temperature,
light, C02, etc.
Obtain younger strain of
known vitality & history.

Bad strain

Mycelium produces
aborted mushrooms

Chlorinated or
contaminated water

Use activated charcoal water
filters to eliminate chemical
contaminants.

Poor Fruitbody
Development Strategy
Bad Strain

Consult Chapter 21.

Mite Contamination

Obtain younger strain of
known vitality & history.
Discard, disinfect and begin
anew.

Nematode Contamination

Insect damage from
developing larvae

Second and third
crops fail to produce
substantially or at all

Green & black molds
appearing on straw

Minimize contact with soils &
increase pasteurization time.
Shut down growing room,
"bleach bomb" for 24 hours,
install bug lights andlor frog
population, & re-fill with new
crop.

Anaerobic
contamination in core of
substrate mass
Growing room
mis-management
Bad strain

Increase aeration or
decrease depth of substrate.

Insufficient spawning rate

Increase spawning rate.

Insufficient
pasteurization

Increase pasteurization time.

Prolonged exposure
to elevated carbon
dioxide levels

Lower CO2 levels-increase air
exchange.

Better management.
Acquire better strain.

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