Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
SPECIES SEQUENCING
dergoes another 50% reduction in mass. Now,

our sample has now been reduced from an
original 6 lbs. to 1.5 lbs. At this stage, the remaining material, without supplementation,
supports vigorous growth of the King

Stropharia (Stropharia rugoso-annulata) or
the Shaggy Mane (Coprinus comatus). Once
colonized, the mycelium of these species are
best used as spawn to inoculate outdoor substrates. At this final stage, the nutritional base
of the substrate is largely expired, and subsequent fruitings are anemic.
In all, more than 20% of the substrate (dry
weight to dry weight) is converted into edible
mushrooms.At least that amount is liberated as
gases. The remaining material can be added to
garden composts as a supplement. The process
of reduction/conversion is substantially prolonged if the cultivator utilizes large-particle
wood chips in the original substrate formulas.
If the waste wood substrate is further supple-

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benefit when nature is used as an ally. The implanted blocks of mycelium have the ability to
draw additional nutrients from the surrounding
habitat. By launching the expired blocks from

the growing rooms into supportive outdoor
habitats, the cultivator maximizes the potential
of the mycelial mass. One of my Natural Culture beds has supported a succession of three
species—first Morels in the spring, then King
Stropharia in the summer, and an assortment of
Hypholoma and allied species in the fall. This
approach could be called the Zen of mushroom
growing.

Whatever path is chosen, the implications
are profound. These courses of decomposition
are occurring daily in our forests' ecosystems.

Ecologists should also find this model especially fascinating in understanding the
concurrence of many species living in the same

habitat. This model may also be useful for
those living in desert, island, or other environ-

mented, the cycle can be extended.
This is but one path of species sequencing.

ments where substrate materials for wood

Many others naturally come to mind. For instance, when production blocks of recycled

courage all readers of this book to push these

decomposers are costly and hard to acquire. Ten-

stopped producing indoors, they can be im-

concepts forward with new innovations and applications, incorporating more sets of organisms. By
understanding the nuances within the

planted outdoors into beds of sawdust. (Figure
339.)Additional fruitings arise from the buried

biospheres wherein fungi play determinant

Oyster, Maitake, Reishi (or others) have

blocks in 3-6 months, depending, of course
upon the weather. I am always fascinated by the
fact that these outdoor fruitings are often better
than those indoors. Mushrooms seem to always

mycosphere, I envision the creation of complex

roles in supporting other life cycles... I am not
alone in believing that mushrooms could be instrumental in generating food for humans in
the exploration of space.

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