Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

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GROWTH PARAMETERS

Figure 370. Two bags of sawdust spawn (Stamets strain
M-11) were inoculated into a burnsite December 27th.
(Figure 371.) Morels appeared May 4th.

Figure 371. The patch was located in a tield (poor
location) where no Morels would grow naturally. A
shade cloth protected the patch from sun and deer.

temperature fluctuation from day to night, a
becomes the cultivator. In tracking temperatures, I believe the
From my charts, I have found that
circadian cycle, is critical for the formation and development of Morels.
weeks
during early spring triggers
limited temperature changes, from 40-60° F. (4-16° C.) for several
this critical period of fluctuation, no
mushroom formation. Once the seasonal temperatures move beyond
(15.6°C.) cause the young mushrooms that have formed
new Morels form. Temperatures as high as 60°F.
to rapidly develop to maturity.
into your backyard. Fall plantings have
Morels are easy to grow by buying spawn and implanting it

it takes oniy a few minutes to install a
the highest success rates which I estimate at 50%. However,
bumsite. Once a fruiting Morel patch
Morel bed, especially if you have ready access to wood ash or a
provided a new habitat is
is established, the success rate jumps to about 90% for subsequent years,
In Nature, every ecological
created and additional spawn is introduced at the same time each year.
Morel
patch, but to have conduniche is unique. The trick is to not only find the right location for your
Morel
patch
from
the sun and marauding
cive weather conditions in the early spring. Protecting the
animals is absolutely essential.
Morchella angusticeps. Five pounds of
First, acquire sawdust spawn of a proven, fruiting strain of
of spawn is good for inoculating a 4 ft. x 4
Morel spawn is roughly equivalent to a gallon. This amount
the summer to early fall. Black Morel
ft. to 10 ft. x 10 ft. bed. Inoculations are best conducted in
address is listed in the resource section in the Appenspawn is available from Fungi Perfecti whose
dix.
is the simplest. Select a bums ite (campYou have two options for creating a Morel patch. The first
sites

month and is well shaded. (Avoid
fire, fire-pit, bonfire site, etc.) that has had a fire in the past
used.) Spade and mix the Morel spawn
where chemically treated wood, paper or plastics have been
ignore it until early next April. If rain
deep into the ashes and burnt wood. Heavily water the site and
of watering in the morning and
does not fall for more than 2-3 days in April and May, a few minutes
evening can only help. Well water is fine. Do not use chlorinated water.

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