Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
410

GROWTH PARAMETERS

Figure 367. Portrayal of the archetypal Black Morel, Morchella angusticeps complex.

alroto,netiti?Sa.
Figure 368. The unique
from
a burnsite
These two specimens were collected
in Kamllche Pt., Washington, in the spring of 1988.
Note the coat of fine hairs.

is typically conical shaped,
Description: A honey-combed, ribbed species with black edges, the cap
granular
texture, measuring 5-12
measuring 2-6 cm. wide x 2-8 cm. high. Stem white, hollow, with a
attached to the base of the stem.
cm. long by 2-4 cm. thick. White mycelium is
the world.
Distribution: Widely distributed throughout the temperate regions of
particularly in sandy soils of mixed
Natural Habitat: Common in the spring in a variety of habitats,
frequently in conifer forests.
woods along rivers, in burned areas (1-2 years after burning), and less
found
in newly laid wood chips
On the west coast of North America, this mushroom is commonly
found directly underneath cotton("beauty bark"). In the Pacific Northwest, Black Morels are also
coastal
California, Morels can be
woods and neglected apple trees. David Arora notes that along
the
spring.
(Arora, 1986.). In general,
found throughout the year, although they are more frequent in
just
outside
of Denver, Morels
fall fruitings are rare and unpredictable. In Colorado's Front Range,
Telluride, Black Morels can be occasionally
are a spring mushroom, but in the mountains around
found in August, under spruce.
and smooth, forming
Microscopic Features: Spores light creamy brown, 24-28 x 12-14 p, ellipsoid
frequent side branching
8 at a time in sac-like cells called asci. Mycelia typically multinucleate, with
into larger forms.
at maturity, clustering and swelling into micro-sclerotia which conglomerate

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