Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
GROWTH PARAMETERS

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thousands per cubic foot whereas the scierotia of theYellow Morels are comparatively few in number.
The differences between these two groups of Morels are soon seen after the clones or spores are put
into culture.
Although Ron Ower (1986) was the first to note that Morels arise from sclerotia, the first to propose a complete Morel life cycle was Thomas Yolk (1990), a rendition of which follows. Not fully
illustrated in this life cycle is the asexual phase wherein sterile cells are borne on short hyphal
branches, similar to oidia. An abundance of these asexual spores forms a powdery mildew, and has
been called Costa ntinella cristata Matr. (Costantin (1936)).

The Development of Indoor Morel Cultivation
All attempts at controlled, indoor Morel cultivation failed, until Ron Ower succeeded in 1982. By
his own admission, the discovery of Morel cultivation was more by accident than design. And, Ron
Ower told me that his experiences growing Psilocybe mushrooms combined with an "accident in the
laboratory" led to success. (He revealed he had used the casing formula outlined in my first book,
Psilocybe Mushrooms & theirAllies (Stamets (1978)) as the sclerotia-forming formula.) Under pressure from venture capitalists, Ron Ower applied for and was awarded two patents, along with G. Mills

Figure 361. Six day sequence of the growth of Morchella angusticeps (Stamets strain # M-11). Note rapid rate
of growth and the formation of "micro-sclerotia". This strain looses the ability to form micro-selerotia when
propagated more than 5 petri dishes from the original culture. Downstream inoculations into all bulk substrates are similarly affected.

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