Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

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GROWTH PARAMETERS

Figure 353. A. pulytricha in classic form.

Figure 354. Cylinders of sterilized sawdust are suspended in the growing room and punctured to elicit
fruitings off the vertical faces.

mation of a vigorous and luxuriant mycelial mat.
Substrates for Fruiting: Essentially the same hardwoods that are recommended for Shiitake sup-

port good fruitings of this species. In Asia, Acacia spp. are widely used. The ideal pH range is
between 6.5-7.0. Wheat straw has been used successfully (Jianjun, 1991), especially when sawdust
spawn is used.

Recommended Containers for Fruiting: Polypropylene bags and bottles. Each should be punctured with 10-20 holes after full colonization (25-40 days after inoculation) to localize primordia
formation.

Recommended Cropping Containers: Polypropylene bags and bottles. One method uses cylindrically shaped polypropylene bags, 6-8 inches in diameter, that are cut open at both ends and laid
horizontally to build a wall of exposed surfaces. From these open ends, the Wood Ear mushrooms

filter patch. These bags are
emerge. Others use polypropylene spawn bags fitted with a microporous
the
usually punctured to encourage mushroom formation around the bags, or are partially opened at
top to elicit a surface flush of mushrooms. I personally prefer the puncture hole technique.
Yield Potential: 1/4 to 1/2 lb. of mushrooms per 5 lbs. of supplemented sawdust. Logs produce for
several years, yielding at best, 20% of their wet mass into fresh mushrooms over 3-5 years.

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