Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
392

GROWTH PARAMETERS

Yields: 550 grams fresh weight from 5 lbs.
hardwood (alder) sawdust, unenriched. 1 lb.
clusters are common using the above technique. With multiple sites forming exterior to
the bag, maximum yield efficiency approaches
2 lbs.

Harvest Hints: If inducing mushrooms to form
through minute holes in plastic, the fruitbody
snaps off with no need for further cleaning. Picking mushrooms in this fashion makes for some of
the fastest harvesting I have seen.

Form of Product Sold to Market: 1/4 to 1/2

Figure 347. H. erinaceus truiting trom punctured
bags within the growing room.

lbs. clusters carefully packaged in damage proof
containers are ideal. (The size of the clusters can be controlled by limiting the number of mushrooms
80% for 4-8
that form on each flush.) The relative humidity in the growing room should be lowered to
must be
hours prior to harvest to reduce surface moisture and prolong storageability. The mushroom
picked with great care so not to create a site for bacteria infestation which can quickly spread. Gourmet
mushrooms
Mushrooms, a specialty mushroom company in Calif omia, sells Hericium and markets the
under the clever name "Porn Poms".

Nutritional Content: Not known to this author.

Medicinal Properties: Chen (1992) reported
that studies on subjects in the Third People's
Hospital of Shanghai that H. erinaceus, in tablet form, proved to be effective on "ulcers,
inflammations, and tumors of the alimentary
canal. "Ingestion of this mushroom is said to
have a remarkable effect in extending the life of
cancer ridden patients. Ying (1987) reports that
pills of this mushroom are used in the treatment
of gastric and esophageal carcinoma. Fruitbodies are dried, powdered, and presented in

tablet form for oral ingestion. A patent
recently awarded in Japan showed that this
mushroom produces Eninacines (sic) which
are strong stimulators to nerve growth factor
Figure 348. The 3/4 lb. Lion's Mane pictured here
arose from the minute hole in the plastic seen at the
tip of the knife. With this method, mushrooms can be
harvested and sold with no need for cleaning.

synthesis. (Kawagishi et al. 1994.)

Flavor, Preparation & Cooking: This is one
of my family's favorite, gourmet mushrooms.

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