Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
384

GROWTH PARAMETERS
indoor cultivation. Trench culture
non-chemically treated boards around the root zones of candidate trees

Recommended Containers for Fruiting: Polypropylene bags for

outdoors can be framed with
and protected with shade clothed, covered hoop-frames.
the Chinese first yields sclerotia as the
Yield Potentials: Not known. The natural model developed by
often used for food than for medicinal
primary product, and secondarily mushrooms which are more
of dry mycelium from a malt yeast
purposes. In liquid culture, I have achieved a 6% yield (d.w.Id.w.)
from
Chinese
Zhu Ling tree nurseries (a.k.a.
slurry. Yield efficienciesof sclerotia and mushrooms
"Hog Tuber Farms") are not known to this author.
from China, either whole or sliced, and in
Form of Product Sold to Market: Scierotia are exported
Reishi on the label!) The fresh fruitbodies
dried form. (Packages of Zhu Ling often have a picture of
producers of this mushroom in North America.
are sold in markets in China. Currently, there are no
and ash: 7%. The sclerotia,
Nutritional Content: Protein: 8%; coarse fiber: 47%; carbohydrate: .5%;
polysaccharides
and less protein than the
with its woody texture, is likely to have substantially more
fleshy fruitbody.
anti-cancer, immunoMedicinal Properties: This mushroom has been heralded to possess potent
conducted, and none by Western
potentiating properties. However, few scientific studies have been
in October of 1983, Dr. Andrew
researchers. During a visit to the Beijing Institute of Materia Medica
excited researchers that waWeil, Dr. Emanuel Salzman, Gary Lincoff and myself were informed by
lung cancer patients after radiation therapy,
ter extracts (tea) of this mushroom, when given to
several years. The quality of life of
resulted in complete recovery in the majority of the patients after
appetites, absence of malaise, etc.
the patients dramatically improved, characterized by increased
if this study was ever published.
The majority of those patients not given Zhu Ling died. I do not know
the strong inhibitory effects Zhu
In a separate study, Chang Jung-lieh (1983) presented results on intravenously, Zhu Ling has been
Ling had on sarcoma 180 tumors implanted in mice. Taken orally or
Modern day treatments uswidely used as a traditional drug for preventing the spread of lung cancer.
presented
by Han (1988) in the
ing Zhu Ling often accompany radiation therapy. A juried paper, with sarcoma 180 were given a
Journal of EthnopharmacOlOgY, reported that mice, when implanted
reduced by 50% compared to the
dose of 1 mg. of Thu Ling per kilogram of body weight, tumors were
Miyaski (1983) also noted the
controls.Ying (1987) reported 70% reduction of tumor weight in mice.
strongly
believes this species deanti-sarcoma properties of this fungus. Dr. Andrew Weil (1992)
I have sent specimens (sclerotia) to the U.S.
serves greater attention by Western medical practitioners.
and, at the time of
National Cancer Institute for testing in their AIDS and cancer screening programs
interest in all higher fungi which unthis writing, am awaiting results. They have expressed extreme
dergo a scierotial stage.
extracts of the Thu Ling
According to Bo &Yun-sun (1980, pp.195), Chinese physicians are using
gastric
cancer, liver canscierotia in the treatment of "lung cancer, cervix cancer, esophagus cancer,
and lymphosarcoma."
cer, intestine cancer, leukemia, mammary gland cancer
fleshy, above-ground mushroom is easily broken or chopped,

Flavor, Preparation & Cooking: The

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