Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
378

GROWTH PARAMETERS

Their work showed strong
(1985), whose team found it in both the mycelium and the mushrooms.
only 35 days, causing comanti-tumor activity in mice against murine solid tumor, Sarcoma-18O in
found
to be more effective than
plete tumor regression in 1/3 to 1/2 of the trials. Alkali extracts were
cold or hot water infusions.
when given to mice
According to Chinese and Japanese reports, water extracts of this mushroom,

(1992); Ying et
implanted with tumors, inhibited tumor growth by more than 86%. (Nanba

kilogram of body weight
al.,( 1987)). The dosage level was 1.0-10 milligrams of Maitake extract per
ascertaining
the
extrapolation
of this dosage
over ten days. No studies have yet been published in
be
taken
with Maitake
level from a mouse to a human. Dr. Fukumi Morishige suggests that vitamin C
polysaccharides into smaller, more usable
(as well as with Ganoderma lucidum) as it helps reduce the
chains of sugars, increasing their bio-availability.
oral administration. How
A protein-bound polysaccharide (D-fraction) is particularly effective via
increase in
these polysaccarides activate the mammalian immune system is unknown. However, an
the decline in helper
helper 'T' cells has been seen with someAlDS patients. With otherAlDS patients,
research
will
be
published
in
the
next
few
years.
"T" cells is interrupted. Much more
diabetes, cholesOther medicinal claims for this mushroom include: reduction of blood pressure,
terol, chronic fatigue syndrome(CFS), and a wide variety of cancers.
mushroom, refer to Adachi et
For further information concerning the medicinal properties of this
(1988); Yamada et al. (1990),
al. (1987); Kabir &Yamaguchi (1987); Adachi et aL, (1988), Hishida
Bulletin 35(1) 1987 and
Nanba (1992), and Kubo eta!. (1994). Also see Chemical Pharmacological
1992). Articles in the popular press include Asahi Evening News,

Japan Economic Journal (May,
(March 12,1993), and Natural Health (May, 1993).
mushroom is thick and
Flavor, Preparation & Cooking: Towards the stem base, the flesh of this
mushroom can be predense, and is better sliced. The upper petal-like caps are better chopped. This
and sautéing a Ia
pared in many ways, delighting the connoisseur mycophagist. Simply slicing
stuffed with shrimp,
Shiitake is simple and straight-forward. This mushroom can also be baked and
of
Lambert
Spawn once
sliced almonds, spices, and topped with melted cheese. The late Jim Roberts
making for a very satisfyfed me this dish featuring a 1 lb. specimen which I devoured at one sitting,
specimens
can
be
powdered
and
used
to make a refreshing tea.
ing meal and a sleepful night. Dried
preparing
Maitake.
Refer to the recipes in Chapter 24 which describes several methods for
100 lbs. have been
Comments This species is delicious and much sought-after. Specimens weighing up to
frondosa behaves
collected at the base of trees, snags, or stumps. Although primarily a saprophyte, G.
and
oaks.
facultatively as a parasite, attacking trees dying from other causes, especially elms
under artificial conditions.
From my experiences, only a few strains isolated from the wild perform
5 5-60° F. (13-16 C).
Those which do fruit, mature best if the environment is held constant between

Substantial fluctuation beyond this temperature range arrests fruitbody development. The best

primordia formation.
fruitings are those which form slowly and are localized from one or two sites of
initials fail to further
When Maitake is incubated outside the ideal temperature range, the fruitbody
primordia, an aborted pladifferentiate. Should the entire surface of the block be encouraged to form
teau of short folds results.

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