Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
GROWTH PARAMETERS

371

form. Microscopically, the spores of G. umbellata are substantially larger and more cylindrically
shaped than the spores of G. frondosa.
Description: A large, fleshy polypore, dark gray brown when young, becoming lighter gray in age.
(Some varieties fade to a light yellow at maturity.) Fruitbody is composed of multiple, overlapping
caps, 2-10 cm. in diameter, arising from branching stems, eccentrically attached, and sharing a common base. Young fruitbodies are adorned with fine gray fibrils. The pores on the underside of the caps
are white.
Distribution: Growing in northern temperate, deciduous forests. In North America, primarily found in
Eastern Canada and throughout the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic states. Rarely found in the northwestern
and in the southeastern United States. Also indigenous to the Northeastern regions of Japan, the temperate
hardwood regions of China, and Europe where it was first discovered.

Natural Habitat: Found on stumps or at the base of dead or dying deciduous hardwoods, especially

oaks, elms, maples, blackgum, beech, and occasionally on larch. According to Gilbertson &
Ryvarden (1986), this mushroom has also been collected on pines (Douglas fir), although rarely so.
G. frondosa is a "white rot" fungus. Although found at the bases of dying trees, most mycologists
view this mushroom as a saprophyte, exploiting tree tissue dying from other causes.
Microscopic Features: Spores white, slightly elliptical (egg-shaped), smooth, hyaline, 6-7 x 3.5-5
Hyphal system dimitic, clamp connections present in the generative hyphae, infrequently branching
with skeletal, non-septate hyphae.

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