Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
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GROWTH PARAMETERS

Grtfola frondosa (Dicks: Fr.) S .F.Gray

malt extract agar.
I igure 332. G. frondosa 4 and 10 days after inoculation onto

Common Names:

)*

Maitake ("Dancing Mushroom"
Kumotake ("Cloud Mushroom")
Hen-of-the-WOOdS

The Dancing Butterfly Mushroom

Polyporusfrondosus Dicks.: Fr.
Taxonomic Synonyms & Considerations: Synonymous with
Grifola
umbellata Pers.: Fr.) which has
umbellatus Fr. (also known as

Closely allied to Polyporus
more fragile texture. The primordia
multiple caps arising from a common stem, a lighter color and a
whereas the fruitbody initials of G.
of G. frondosa are rich, dark gray brown to gray black in color
easily distinguished by their
umbellata are light gray. MacroscopicallY, these two mushrooms are
*

Maitake or "Dancing Mushroom" naturally comes into question. According to
The validity of the common name of
frenzied dance with a band of
fable, the ingestion of Maitake caused a group of lost nuns to fall into uncontrolled
chance encounter with the male
woodcutters. The reaction attributed to the Nuns finding this mushroom, their
with the effects of this mushroom
that
ensued,
seems
incongnlous
woodcutters, and the party-like atmosphere
psilocybian mushroom species like
compared to, for instance, the effects of the well known consciousness-raising
candidate.
(G.
spectabilis
is
known
as
the Big Laughing Mushroom, or
Gymnopilus spectabilis, a far more likely
Japanese text Konjaku
O'warai-take.) The first report of Maitake was recorded in a tale from the 11th centuryof"Maitake" being
first
cast
doubt
about
the
authenticity
Monogatari. Imazeki (1973) & Wasson (1973)
Maitake is today synonymous
frondosa. Whatever species induced frenzied dance with the nuns and woodcutters,
with G.frondosa.

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