Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
GROWTH PARAMETERS

369

Comments: A satisfying mushroom to grow and consume, Ganoderma lucidum is a mushroom
whose transformations are mesmerizing. Responsive to the slightest changes in the environment, its
unique growth habits have undoubtedly enchanted humans for centuries. The formation and development of the fruitbody is greatly affected by the surrounding gaseous environment. Stem growth is
elongated under prolonged, elevated carbon dioxide levels (>20,000 ppm) whereas cell formation
leading to cap development and hymenial development is activated when carbon dioxide levels fall
below 2000 ppm. Ganoderma lucidum can be easily grown in a variety of ways, indoors and outdoors. Yield may not be the only measure of this mushroom's value. Although more biomass is
generated with a strategy promoting short stalks and large caps, the antler and capitate-antler form
appeals to many as art.
As Ganoderma lucidum gains popularity with North Americans, feasibility studies on the wide
scale cultivation of Reishi on stumps are warranted. If markets could support the resulting yields, a
whole new industiy might emerge on lands currently providing little or no immediate economic return.
For more information on the taxonomy of this group see Thao (1989) and Gilbertson & Ryvarden
(1987). For general information on the historical and medicinal uses of this fungus, consult Wasson
(1972), Jong (1991), Willard (1990), Jones (1992) and Hobbs (1995). For information on the cultivation of G. lucidum, see Stamets (1990) and Thaithatgoon et al. (1993).

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