Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
368

GROWTH PARAMETERS

influence on blood glucose levels (Kimura et al.,
pressure and lipid levels (Kabir et al., (1989)),
(1989)). T. Mizuno summarized
(1989)), and presence of jmjnuno-modulating proteins (Kino et al.,
this mushroom in Chemical Times, (3): 50the historical development of compounds extracted from
(1984), Jifeng et al. (1985), Hirotani et al.
60, 1989. (For more information, see Nishitoba et al.
(1985),Satoetal. (1986),Tanaka(1989),andJong(l99L)) Science Center in San Antonio showed
Studies by Stavinoha (1990) on mice at the Texas Health
the mushrooms showed significant anti-inthat unextracted "gill powder" (sic) or ether extracts of
Weil (1993) noted that it is difficult to reconcile
flammatory activity, comparable to hydrocortisone.
and an anti-inflammatory agent. His point is
that a mushroom could both be an immune stimulator
function, not enhance it. However, many
that anti-inflammatory agents generally suppress immune
lucidum is to act
forms of arthritis are viewed as auto-immune disorders.

If the mode of activity of G.

immuno-stimulator, then this contradiction in viewpoints is
as an immuno-modulator, not an
reconciliable.
Vancouver, British Columbia, Dr.
At the Fifth International Mycological Congress convened in
weight polysaccharide fraction, isolated from
B .K. Kim et al. (1994) reported that a low molecular
after exposure to HIV, comparGanoderma luciduin, prolonged the survival of human lymphocytes

longevity. Lymphocytes not treated with this
ing favorably with healthy cells in terms of
Patents
to the virus. Clinical studies on are going in Korea.

polysaccharide died shortly after exposure
been published to date.
are planned. To my knowledge, no juried reports have
who
compiled
a
review
of Reishi's properties, this mushroom can
According to Willard (1990)
degeneration,
blood disorders and practically every
cure cancer, chronic fatigue syndrome, liver
the "Panacea

wonder Reishi is also known as
other modern malady to affect human kind. (No
studies with human patients sufPolypore"!) However, to date, no definitive, long-term, double-blind
the English literature. Studies with
fering from cancer (or other diseases) have been reported in
Chi had
human patients at the Institute of Materia Medica (Beijing,

China) in 1983, showed that Ling

after radiation therapy whereas
no significant effect against lung cancer

Zhu Ling (Polyporus

umbellatus) was effective. (Stamets &Weil, 1983).
traditionally given to men by women (or an inI have been told by native Chinese that Ling Chi is
purportedly stimulates sexual virility,
termediary messenger) to express sexual interest as Ling Chi
medical evidence has been published to supespecially in older men.The antler form is preferred. No
port this claim.

hot water for teas, tinctures, syrups, &
Flavor, Preparation & Cooking: Typically extracted in
breaking them into pieces,

soups. My family enjoys making a tea from fresh, living specimens,
The tea is reheated to a desired
boiling in water for 5 minutes and then steeping for 30 minutes.
If a daily regimen of Ling Chi tea is foltemperature, strained and served, without sweeteners.
prescribed. The antler forms, with
lowed, as little as 3-5 grams per person has been traditionally
sweet, and soothing flavor reaction. The well
a reduced hymenial package, have a rich, mildly
more often bitter than
developed conk forms reveal a more bitter after-taste. Yellow strains are
the red and black strains.

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