Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

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GROWTH PARAMETERS

Figure 322. G. lucidum fruiting trom pots containing inoculated oak logs topped with soil.

the mycelium becomes difficult to cut and typically tears during transfer. Culture slants can be stored
for periods of 5 years at 35° F. (1-2° C.).
Fragrance Signature: Musty, mealy, not sweet, not pleasant.

Natural Method of Cultivation: G. lucidum can be grown via a wide variety of methods. In China
and Japan, the traditional method is to inoculate logs and lay them on the ground or shallowly bury
them. (See Figures 3 19—321). The logs are placed in a shady, naturally moist location. By covering
hoop-frames with shade cloth, light exposure and evaporation is reduced, creating an ambient environment conducive for fruitbody development. Typically six months to two years pass before
substantial harvests begin, and continue for four to five years. (For more infonnation, see Hengshan
eta!. (1991.)) This method gives rise to natural-looking mushrooms.
Using Nature as an example, this mushroom grows prolifically on stumps. Hardwood stumps can
be inoculated using any of the various methods described in this book. Cultivators living in high humidity climates with prolonged growing seasons (such as Louisiana and elsewhere in the humid
southeastern United States) have success growing Ganoderma lucidurn on hardwood logs laid directly onto the ground. Individual preferences vary amongst cultivators who, by nature, tend be a
secretive or reluctant-to-communicate breed.
A quasi-natural method is to inoculate short hardwood logs and place them into nursery style pots.
(See Figure 322.) The pots are then filled with hardwood sawdust and topped with soil. Large greenhouses, covered with dense shade-cloth, can house thousands of these individual containers that are
simply laid out as a single layer over a gravel rock floor.

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