Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000


1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide


I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables






Ganoderma lucidum (Wm. Curtis: Fries) Karsten
Introduction: A mushroom of many names,
Ganoderma lucidum has been used medicinally
by diverse peoples for centuries. The Japanese

call this mushroom Reishi or Mannentake
(10,000 Year Mushroom) whereas the Chinese
& Koreans know it as Ling Chi, Ling Chih, or
Ling Zhi (Mushroom (Herb) of Immortality).
Renowned for its health stimulating properties,
this mushroom is more often depicted in ancient
Chinese, Korean, & Japanese art than any other.
Ling Chi is traditionally associated with royalty,
health & recuperation, longevity, sexual prowess, wisdom, and happiness. Ling Chi has been

depicted in royal tapestries, often portrayed
with renowned sages of the era. For a time, the

Chinese even believed this mushroom could
bring the dead to life when a tincture specifically made from it was laid upon one's chest.
The use of Ganoderma lucidum spans more
than two millennia. The earliest mention of Ling
Chi was in the era of the first emperor of China,

Shih-huang of the Ch'in Dynasty (22 1-207

Figure 315. A Tibetan Ling Chi "Tree" statuette
made of wood, from pre-1600 AD. revered and protected in the Lama Temple, Beijing.

B.C.). Henceforth, depictions of this fungus pro-

liferated through Chinese literature and art. In
the time of the Han Dynasty (B.C. 206 - A.D.
220) while the imperial palace of Kan-ch'uan
was being constructed, Ling Chi was found
growing on timbers of the inner palace, producing nine "paired leaves". So striking was this
good omen, that henceforth emissaries were sent
far and wide in search of more collections of this
unique fungus. Word of Ling Chi thus spread to
Korea and Japan whereupon it was elevated to a
status of near-reverence.

This mushroom is known by many in North

America and Europe as one of the "Artist's
Conk" fungi. (The true Artist Conk
is Ganoderma applanatum.) As the fruitbody

Figure 316. An exquisite antler specimen of Ling Chi

featured in a Chinese mushroom museum.

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