Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
354

GROWTH PARAMETERS

although some people have allergic reactions to certain species. Some
are known to be
allergic reactions to the edible
people taking MAO inhibitor anti-depressant medication can have
(Laetiporus
(Polyporus)
suiphureus) has been
polypores containing tyramine. Chicken of the Woods
known to be psychoactive, like Kava
reported to contain alkaloids similar to those found in plants
Kava. (Lincoff& Mitchel (1977)).
One track is to simply inoculate hardwood
The cultivation of these species can take several tracks.
inoculated
logs in sawdust or soil, moisture is
logs as with the cultivation of Shiitake. By burying the
also be inoculated, although if
better preserved, and fruitings extend over several years. Stumps can
inhibited. Th outdoor environments, the
other fungi have already captured that niche, production is
several years after inoculation. Howfirst flushes of mushrooms are often delayed, not showing for
require
less water, outdoor patches require
ever, since Polypores are naturally lower in moisture and
less maintenance than indoor methods.
the cultivation of Polypores indoors unBy far the most dependable and rapid production system is
lead to success. One of the main
der controlled environmental conditions. Several techniques
fleshier,
gilled mushrooms is that the
differences between the cultivation of Polypores versus the
and high humidities of the gilled
Polypores do not enjoy, nor require, the heavy watering schedules
carbon dioxide levels and light
mushrooms. Like most mushrooms, the Polypores are sensitive to
responsive
to changes within the growconditions. The development of the fruitbodies are extremely
environment
to elicit substantial stem
ing room environment. Many cultivators manipulate the
better
fruitings if the substrate
formation before cap development. Some Polypore species produce
each species, are outlined in the
block is compressed after colonization. Other differences, unique to
forthcoming growth parameters.

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