Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
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GROWTH PARAMETERS

Figure 298. A happy mycophile holding a 3 lb. specimen of S. rugoso-annulata.

Figure 299. LaDena Stamets amongst 5 lb. specimens of S. rugosa annulata.

planting. King Stropharia mushHungarians have pioneered an interesting version of companion
wheat straw is then wetted and inoculated with
rooms are grown in rows of baled wheat straw. The
spawn".) Long rows of impregchopped wheat straw spawn. (This is called "substrate
of other crops. Mushrooms usually
nated wheat straw are left to decompose infields, adjacent to rows
during the late summer and early fall. After
arise from the straw/soil interface, and can be harvested
cornstalks are tilled under, enriching the soil for
the growing season has ended, the straw and waste
next year's crops.
Fruiting: This is a mushRecommended Courses for Expansion of Mycelial Mass to Achieve
disturbed or agitated. In the laboratory, the mycelial growth
room which greatly benefits from being
disrupted. To achieve the rapid colonization of mycelium
rate steadily declines unless it is frequently
Otherwise growth is painstakingly slow, thereby allowon grain, liquid inoculation is recommended.
out, a single half gallon of spawn
ing more opportunity for contamination. Once grain spawn is grown
sterilized hardwood sawdust or finely chopped cereal
can functionally inoculate 5-10 5 lbs. bags of
sterilized sawdust, two to four colonies of mycestraw. If liquid inoculation is chosen for transfer into
1000 ml. of sterile water. The
hum grown out in 100 x 15 mm. petri dishes is recommended per
bag
of
bulk
substrate.
In either case, once ininoculum is then transferred at a rate of 50 ml. per 5 lb.
full
colonization
is seen.After the
oculated, this species enjoys frequent shaking, at least weekly, until
another generation of bags containing
bag cultures have matured, they can be used for expansion into
weekly basis is critisterilized bulk (sawdust or straw) at a rate of I: 10.Again, thorough shaking on a
cal for complete colonization.

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